Registrierung Mitgliederliste Administratoren und Moderatoren Suche Häufig gestellte Fragen Zur Startseite
 

Tiger im Focus » Suche » Suchergebnis » Hallo Gast [anmelden|registrieren]
Zeige Themen 1 bis 40 von 142 Treffern Seiten (4): [1] 2 3 nächste » ... letzte »
Autor Beitrag
Thema: To abandon a Tiger...
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 1
Hits: 789

22.04.2018 10:25 Forum: Free for all

Yes the Tiger I had not to fall intact in the hand of the enemy.
There were two demolition charges with timer into the tigers, one had to be placed into the breech of the gun, one into the opening in the firewall to destroy the engine. A typical picture of a demolished tiger is that of tiger 211 of 504 in Sicily. The pics clearly show the turret bin bent up from the force of the explosion.
With tiger ii I don't know.
Best regards
Federico

Thema: Panzer-Ersatz-Abteilung 500 odds and ends
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 11
Hits: 2285

12.03.2018 12:46 Forum: Panzergruppe Paderborn

Thank you very much for sahring this, Javier!

If you find anything on 504, please let me know, that's "my" unit!

All the Best
Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Sicily 1943
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 73
Hits: 51223

Film of 211 08.03.2018 13:49 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hello everybody,

here is the link to an IWM film that at 2.05 min has the film of the wreck of Tiger 211
https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/1060043857

Very nice find from a friend in Facebook!

Regards

Federico

Thema: Panzer-Ersatz-Abteilung 500 odds and ends
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 11
Hits: 2285

03.03.2018 11:35 Forum: Panzergruppe Paderborn

Hi to all!
Speaking with Alfred Günther of 2. and then 3./sPzAbt 504, I had a sort of confirmation. He was transferred to PzErsAbt 500 at the end of the war and ended his war being employed as infantry near the bridge of Remagen, where he was captured from the allies.
Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

24.01.2018 09:13 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Well, David, you made another great discovery!

Thank you very much for sharing!

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie 501 Tunesien
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 516
Hits: 317362

04.09.2017 10:56 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

Hi David,

To me too it looks the same tank.
You can even see the single Feifel filter on the right side of the hull.

Regards

Federico

Thema: Britain at war 120 is about Tiger Tank
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 0
Hits: 869

Britain at war 120 is about Tiger Tank 12.04.2017 18:59 Forum: Free for all

Hi to all!

I would like to ask you what do you think about the last issue of April 2017 of the Magazine Britan at War, the ones who can have it.
The number has the Tiger Tank on the cover.
I found many wrong didas and nothing new... but i just give a running look of the copy here in my shop.

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur galerie 13./SS
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 178
Hits: 127534

10.03.2017 23:58 Forum: 13./SS-Panzerregiment 1 LAH

Of course, David,

to me it's among the houses some 50 m north of Corso Mazzini.
But with no pictures from there, it's just a guess.

All the Best

Federico

Thema: Unidentified Tiger I Late Production
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 112
Hits: 40379

24.01.2017 00:04 Forum: Tiger zuordnen

To me those last two could well be italy

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie 505 43/44
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 467
Hits: 269909

10.12.2016 07:37 Forum: sPzAbt.505

As far as I know 504 and 505 trained together for the first times, so it is not amazing that they could have had some signs in common. 505 was also the last Abteilung originally planned on two companies, with the third added later...

Federico

Thema: A new pic of unknown 1/504 tunisia
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 18
Hits: 5177

08.12.2016 11:58 Forum: sPzAbt.504

I really appreciate David's work, he is very good in it, pinpointing pictures gives more info about historcal facts and help to deepen the research!

Federico

Thema: A new pic of unknown 1/504 tunisia
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 18
Hits: 5177

07.12.2016 12:44 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all,

as far as I can find googling around, Fochville was in the southern outskirts of Tunis, and there was an airfield there.



My sources are also:
"These attacks were synchronized with assaults upon the surviving Axis airdromes in Tunisia itself Megrine at Fochville on the outskirts of Tunis and Oudna, south of Tunis"
Source:
https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/57738553/

From a report of the 504, Seidensticker was wounded in an airport south of Tunis, so it look like that the operational area is matching.

Also, Hautmann says that:
"Anschliessend Absetzbewegung ,Richtung Tunis. Dort erfolgt Unterstellung bei einer Fla-Einheit und Sicherung der Strasse nach Tunis an den südlich gelegenen Salzseen."

Regards

Federico

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

09.11.2016 20:02 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

Well, i guess they do it.

It's a closed page, called:
Veicoli, Mezzi Corazzati e Artiglierie Italiane 1915 - 1945

I just added the link to tiif and your site

Regards

Federico

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

09.11.2016 19:51 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

The address is like that:
Reggio, where there is the Tangenziale porto, next to the Pinetina where there was the old Railway Station Lido.

That's what tey say.

Regards

Federico

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

09.11.2016 19:46 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

Evreybody says it's there! no here! I'm trying to have a postcard. They say that the place was heavily reworked in the recent past.

But they look to have localised some more pics! The pics of Tiger 142 with the Landing craft, should have been take at Reggio. They say that the mountain in the background is called Monte Pentimele

should be around here:
https://www.google.it/maps/@38.1371133,1...12!8i6656?hl=it

Try and see!

Regards

Federico

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

09.11.2016 19:18 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

Ooops!

Please excuse me all, it was already in the site!!



I humbly beg your pardon!

Federico

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

09.11.2016 19:15 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

I guess it's 01. It has big numbers quite as high as the turret.

Regards

Thema: New picture of 01
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 7
Hits: 3048

New picture of 01 09.11.2016 19:14 Forum: sPzAbt.501/424

Hi to all!

I just found in Facebook a new picture of 01 at a railyard in Italy.

I'll try and publish it this evening.

Regards

Federico

Thema: sonstiges sPzAbt.504
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 10
Hits: 5204

29.10.2016 00:02 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi again,

I just found the crane of the Seaplane base in Bizerte!
The name of the Base is B.A.N. Karouba.
Look at the picture below, and look at this crane!



Regards
Federico

Thema: sonstiges sPzAbt.504
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 10
Hits: 5204

28.10.2016 23:12 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all.

Here are my reflections about the pictures below. They were posted on Facebook by Fall Michal, and they come from the website www.tigerconer.ru
I thank both for sharing those info.
I don't know if I am breaking the netiquette posting here a reduced version of the pictures, if I do, I will delete of reduce them even more.

Looking in my archives, the pictures are about the same event as another one, that I am joining down here, too.

This image is of a debarking Tiger, loaded with many crates. The crates looks like ammo, I seem to remember that 10,5 cm ammo had those wooden crates, maybe also 8,8 cm? In the bottom right background I see something that looks like a moored landing craft.
The light looks like an arid place, like Tunisia, but may also be form Sicily. I think Tunisia.



This image is of a 504 Tiger loaded on the engine compartment with the outer wheels, and wearing transport tracks.



And looks like it is the same roll of this:



So I guess this Tiger was on a train or on a ferry.
The surrouding looks like it is an open country, more Tunisia than Palermo, from where (I guess) the Tigers of 504 leaved for Tunisia. The place looks like an Air Base, maybe a Seaplane base.
The presence of the white rhombus on the side confirms it is a 504 Tiger.

I am open to any of your comments!

Regards
Federico

Thema: '02'
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 4
Hits: 1896

18.10.2016 22:05 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all!

To me it is also really consistent to the picture at page 245 of Tigers in Combat Vol 1 of Panzer III ?2 of 2.Kp

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur galerie 13./SS
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 178
Hits: 127534

17.09.2016 13:33 Forum: 13./SS-Panzerregiment 1 LAH

Hi to all,

the church tower looks like the San Giuseppe's Church, but I can't find the exact place... I guess it is East or North, but I can not find the particular house on the right of the picture...
Do you agree Stefano Carletti?

Google Maps

Regards
Federico

Thema: Unidentified Tiger I Late Production
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 112
Hits: 40379

06.09.2016 14:26 Forum: Tiger zuordnen

What about 508 Italy? It could be, for me.

Regards

Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

Geoportale Nazionale Quick Manual 02.09.2016 10:04 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all!

I have been kindly requested by David Byrden how does it work the viewer of the Italian official website Geoportale Nazionale, and I think that the right place to explain how does it work is here.

I kindly remember all of you that many other nations have similar websites, much more complete with geolocations than Google's wonderful systems. But much more "user unfriendly" and in the original language of the nation.

With it, you can acces a much wider database of geolocations than GoogleEarth of Google Maps.

The inital page, Geoportale Nazionale, is quite simple, like GoogleMaps.
You have a time barrel above, very useful as there are the air pictures of all Italy.
In the year 1988 there are b/w pictures, but many things loooked like during the war.

The most useful feature of the website is anyway the overlay of the Military maps at 1:25.000.
To get to them you have to look on the right, where is the Strumenti (Tools) Window.
There you have to click on the Servizi (Services) voice of the menu, choosing the WMS voice.
This will open a new window "Aggiungi servizio WMS" (Add WMS Service) where you'll have to click on the voice Ente (Organization).
The only voice there, the one to activate, is "wms.pcminambiente.it".
In the line below "Servizio" (Service) you'll have to choose the voice "Cartografia di base - IGM 25.000".
When done click on the button "Visualizza Layer".
This will open the window "Selezione Layer" (Layer Selection).
I usually flag both options with the button "Seleziona tutti".
The click the button "Aggiungi Layer" (Add Layer). This will take some time as the system is very slow.

I suggest you to zoom in before making the above operations.

On the right there is the Window "Gestione Servizi" (Service Management), where you can hide the layers, or set the transparency with the bar above.

Here is all!
Good searches!

Federico
Ps: If I was unclear, please ask me and I'll try to explain the thing in a better way.

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

3.Kp 30.08.2016 23:42 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi David,

please note that 3./504 was never in Sicily, due to the fact that it became a company of Panzer-Regiment Grossdeutschland (I have to check it out, but i saw that on this website in GD's page).
In fact some of GD Tigers had the same romboid with number three, at least during their transport to the front.

Only some of 3.Kp's Tigers went to Sicily, to add strenght to the 2./504, which in fact ended with 17 tanks. But they were supernumerary tanks part of the Company.

from my website:
20/03/1943: In GERMANY the constitution of the 3. Kompanie was abandoned.

22/06/1943: The 3./504, still in GERMANY, became the 11./Panzer-Regiment Großdeutschland passing to Panzer-Division Großdeutschland.

My guess is that in between some Tigers (5, 6?) went to Sicily.

Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

30.08.2016 23:22 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all!

Well, you shouldn't think that in Google Maps/Earth and StreetView there is all the placenames database of Italy.

As I said somwhere else, the best placename database for Italy is in this website: Geoportale Nazionale.

This works like GoogleMaps, but you can overlay the military 1:25.000 maps that are the most detailed. You should read italian, and if intersted ask me and I'll make a quick guide in English.

I say that because if you look here in GoogleStreeetView Link you can find that some 20 meters before where the Tiger was there is the Placename Pisano.

Also, the picture of Lorenzo bovi is old, a friend of him discovered the place before July 2015, as in my book there is the new already reported.

The second Tiger is said to be 100 yards from the first (British source), but I did not find the place. Maybe David will be able?

Best Regards

Federico

Thema: Biscari then... and then!
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 5
Hits: 4519

22.08.2016 22:54 Forum: sPzAbt.504

His the modified Map



Hope it is clear!

Regards

Federico

Thema: Biscari then... and then!
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 5
Hits: 4519

22.08.2016 22:37 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi David!

by a fast look in Google Maps, the new Municipo of Acate, is facing west in the square Piazza Libertà, just right of the Church (that is facing north).

If the old building was destroyed to make place for the new one, it should have been there.

Here is the link in GoogleStreetView:

https://www.google.it/maps/@37.02644,14....!8i6656!6m1!1e1

The building is the one on the left with the flags.

Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

23.07.2016 23:11 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Zitat:
Original von David Byrden
A larger copy of this photo would be nice to have:



Because I could compare it to this 1943 photo of the "Y" junction south of Niscemi;



and I could demonstrate that the same tree appears in both photos;



The horizon in the Tiger photo matches that in Google Street View, but with all the new foliage, and that railway bridge, it's not entirely convincing.



So I need one more piece of evidence to place the Tiger here.

Let's take the other photo that we discussed earlier, which is looking down the same road from the north;



and let's zooooooom right into it. What do we see but a Tiger!



What, you say, that doesn't look like the Tiger sitting in the middle of the road! And you're correct.

It is the Tiger pushed off the road, with its turret gone, and its engine hatch open.



So we have two Tigers from the Western Battle Group on the same Niscemi road.

Federico, can you help? The book "Tigers in Combat 1" and this American account of the battles do not match up exactly. Do you know where the fighting occurred on each day?


Hi David,

just a quick note as I am leaving for the holydays tomorrow. As far as I know, all this happened in the same day, the 12th of July 1943. The 5-6 Tigers that arrived in the Y Junction from South East, on Highway 115, were part of KG Goldschmidt, and should have joined their forces with the rest of HG, expected to come down from Niscemi. This never happened as the HG retreated to the Catania Plain, some 50 Km North. KG Goldschmidt, part of HG's KG Weber, was not in radio contact with the Division, and attacked at dawn. At the road junction they should have stopped waiting, but the first Tiger turned right (North) and the others followed on, exposing their left flank to a counterattack of 753rd Tank Battalion's Shermans. It is probable that the first Tiger had some radio problems as it could not be contacted. After dealing with the Shermans and after some hard moments cursing to the 'presumed' HG soldiers shooting at them, Goldschmidt understood that they were enemies, and decided to retreat along Route 115 in direction of Acate. He says that it was hard to go back, because the road was narrow (two Tigers could not stay there side by side), and some were immobilised, but two of them (Glodschmidt's and Günther's) could retreat to Case Iacono, where they captured an improvised field hospital. But this is another story.

Please excuse me David, but I would keep some suspence...
I would like to publish a book on 504 in English in the next years.
If you want I can send you some German Reports, but I prefer they remain not published until the book will be made...

Regards

Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

19.07.2016 23:26 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi David,

can you see a bazooka hole on this Tiger?
I cant...

Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

18.07.2016 13:02 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Looks like you're right again...

Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

18.07.2016 11:31 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi David,

Ponte Dirillo is at 37° 1'23.40"N 14°24'28.66"E
The position you choose is 670 mt far from Case Biazzo, and 2700 mt far from Ponte Dirillo. To me it looks too far from the bridge.
That site would have been more likely called "Biazzo Ridge" or "Stazione di Acate" (370 mt to the South East).

As far as I know, the Tigers were all employed at Ponte Dirillo on the 11th, and then recalled in the night (minus the 6 of KG Goldschmidt) because they had the news that Vittoria was fallen. Then they played "hide and seek" with the paratroopers at Biazzo Ridge all day long (I think it was the 12th of July) and in the evening they replied to Caltagirone.

This same day KG Goldschmidt lost all his 6 Tigers and 13 men came back on foot in 3-4 days to the Piana di Catania - Gerbini area.

Regards

Federico
[Corrected Ponte Dirillo position]

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

17.07.2016 11:04 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi David!

You're great!
The place is fully consistent with the retreat path of HG and 2./504!

This should be the original mount of Lt. Herbert Heim, commander of 2./504 after the wounding of Hptm. Hummel.

Heim was in action at Ponte Dirillo in the first day of combat (July 11th), took command of the unit after Hummels wounding, and the day after went west along Route 115 with most of the Tigers, in direction of Vittoria. He was stopped by US Paratroopers at Biazzo Ridge, and due to the absence of Infantry from HG, he could not pierce the US defences. Collaboration with HG infantry was very bad in those days.

After receiving the order for the reply from Biazzo Ridge, I am quite sure all the remaining Tigers (less the 6 with KG Goldschmidt) passed through Acate and Santo Pietro (Biscari Airfield for the US), went north to Niscemi and then to Caltagirone. This was the last open escape route.

This Tiger looks like it was self destroyed by the crew for some reasons. You can see it because the turret bin was hit and deformed by the motor cover. This happened when the crew set off the demolition charge in the engine compartment.

It looks like its belly was in contact with the roadside "wall" (don't know the exact name). This could be the cause of his demise.
The HG abandoned the Portalkran in the first or second day of fight, and after that every broken transmission caused teh loss of the Tiger for 2./504. But this doesn't look the case, in the hurry of the retreat, every immobilised Tiger was slef destroyed.

Regards
Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Sicily 1943
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 73
Hits: 51223

09.07.2016 09:13 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Thank you for posting it then, Allen!
I was skeptic, but now we have the proof you were right!

To all, please note the difference in the landscape (especially notable if you use Google StreetView). That's due to two facts:
1) in the 40ies Agriculture was more expanded and important for the living
2) the main heating and cooking material was wood, and so everywhere people went cutting bushes, and landscapes looked 'cleaner'.

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Sicily 1943
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 73
Hits: 51223

Tiger at Gela Niscemi Crossroads 08.07.2016 09:51 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hi to all!

I finally found in Facebook a better sized picture, konwn since a long time, that confirms this is a tiger.
The American book it come from suggests it was part of KG Goldschmidt at Piano Lupo. The road should be the road to Niscemi looking South.



The picture, certainly of NARA source, was published in FB at first from Mr Antonio Macchetti.

Regards
Federico

Thema: Photo locations / Standort der Bilder
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 36
Hits: 11933

24.06.2016 12:51 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Wonderful find David!

I'll give a look at the history of the unit. Maybe I'll find something else, but in this period of time (end July-beginning of August 1944) info are scarce... they were moving in a hurry!

Regards
Federico

Thema: Interesting Site with many pictures
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 0
Hits: 1476

Interesting Site with many pictures 16.06.2016 20:13 Forum: sPzAbt.508

Hi to all,

my friend Mario Raspagliosi has shown me this link:
www.kriegsberichter-archive.com There are many pictures about the Tigers of the Abteilung in Anzio Bridgehead.

The whole site deals with pictures of the SS-Kriegsberichter, maybe there will be other pictures of other Tiger units.

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Italien 1944/45
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 129
Hits: 80512

15.06.2016 22:49 Forum: sPzAbt.504

David, your work is priceless!

Here is my little stone, the report of the loss by the Funker of Tiger 200 (in German) from my future book:
Neuer Einsatz der bereits zusammengeschmolzenen 3.Komp. und der neu herangekommene 2./504 bei S.Martino in Monte l'Abate und Ghetto, 4 - 5 km S Rimini, in flacherem, jedoch wenig sichtigem Gelände, am 16. Und 17.9. In den Pausen zwischen den starken Feuerüberfällen der gegnerischen Artillerie, die jede Aktivität lähmen, entwickeln sich wütende Panzerduelle mit den in großer Zahl auffahrenden Churchills und Shermans. Hierzu F.HUHLEs Tagebuch: "17.9. In Abwesenheit des Kommandanten und Kp.-Chefs schießt die 4 Mann-Besatzung des Tigers 200 einen Churchill-Panzer ab. Fahrer Udo Rösch war auf den Turmsitz geklettert, Richtschütze Georg Berthold (?). 18.9. ...Unsere Panzer-Gruppe, hervorragend im Gelände getarnt, schießt 7 Feindpanzer ab. Die britische Panzerspitze wird aufgehalten. Gefangene sagen aus, daß keine deutschen Tiger aufgeklärt waren. Dann 2 Stunden heftiges Trommelfeuer auf unsere Stellungen. Tiger 200 wird getroffen, bewegungsunfähig. Bergungsversuche unter Beschuß mißlingen. Wagen muß - unter Deckung von Kampfwagen Kessel - gesprengt werden " (Ende HUHLE).

Regards

Federico
[Corrected wrong characters of German spelling]

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Italien 1944/45
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 129
Hits: 80512

12.06.2016 22:22 Forum: sPzAbt.504

Hope I did not bore you all with this report.

I just found other info:
The Road 349 as you see it in GoogleMaps was made after the war. The old 439 goes through Massa Marittima outskirts: you have to look for Strada Provinciale Massa Marittima in GoogleMaps. It was also made in Macadam until the Seventies.

Source Wikipedia (https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strada_sta...rzanese_Valdera)

So it could be the right road where the Tigers were left, but it's on the wrong side of the walley (south side).

Regards

Federico

Thema: Ergänzung zur Gallerie Italien 1944/45
Federico Peyrani

Antworten: 129
Hits: 80512

12.06.2016 22:10 Forum: sPzAbt.504

(Source pdf)
The Heavy Battalion Task Force In Mountainous Terrain:
Are Current Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures Adequate?
A Monograph by Major Dana J. H. Pittard - Armor

The report is form page 15 to 22. I Hope you'll enjoy it!

Armor in Italy

During operations in Italy (1943-45), the U.S. Army deployed one armored division and at least eight separate tank battalions in theater.42 The attack by Combat Command B, 1st Armored Division in the Apennines from Grossetta, Italy to the Cecina River (22-30 June 1944) is typical of U.S. armored operations in Italy. The terrain from Grossetta to the Cecina River was mountainous, laced by streams and deep gorges. There were only a few trafficable roads. Nearly every mile had its share of bridges and culverts, which the German defenders consistently demolished. The roads twisted around hills and mountains. Each road curve, with its blown bridge or culvert, became an excellent site for German road blocks and ambushes.
In attacking north, the 1st Armored Division faced the problem of covering a zone whose width was over twenty miles. The zone lacked enough routes and off-road areas for the doctrinal employment of armor. 1st Armored Division's solution to the problem was to divide the zone between its two combat commands (brigade-size units). The division placed Combat Command B in the west, Combat Command A in the east and Combat Command R (reserve) in the center. Combat Command B, commanded by Brigadier General Frank A. Allen consisted of a medium tank battalion (equipped with 75mm M4-series Sherman tanks), a light tank battalion (equipped with 37mm M5-series Stuart tanks), two armored infantry battalions, one tank destroyer company (equipped with 75mm M10 tank destroyers), one armored engineer company, a reconnaissance company, and two armored field artillery battalions. Brigadier General Allen task organized his combat command into three task forces. On the left, the task force consisted of a light tank battalion (-), an armored infantry company, and a medium tank company. The center task force included the medium tank battalion (-), an armored infantry battalion, and a reconnaissance company (-).
The two armored field artillery battalions moved behind the center task force. In the right task force Allen placed an armored infantry battalion (-), a company of light tanks, and a platoon of medium tames.
Allen based the task organization on his assessment of the superior roads available to the center task force and the suspected concentration of German armor in the center zone. The left and right task forces were weaker but more mobile based on Allen's assessment of the road network. Each of the three task forces included an engineer platoon, a tank destroyer platoon, and a reconnaissance platoon.
At 0530 on 22 June 1944 the three Combat Command B task forces attacked in zone. Advancing slowly against stiff opposition from elements of the German 162d Infantry Division and tanks from the 3d Panzer Grenadier (Mechanized) Division until forced to halt at 1350 hours in the vicinity of St. di Gavorano. Following a hard fight in the center, in which the Germans lost three Mark IV tanks, Combat Command B advanced to Cast di Pietsa by nightfall (see Figure 2).
On 23 June Combat Command B continued to attack in zone. The center task force moved off of Highway 1 and turned north into the mountains on the road to Massa Marittima. Two kilometers north of the highway the center task force had to pass through a narrow saddle. On the far side of the saddle, distributed across a small plain, nine Mark VI (Tiger) tanks waited. As the center task force tanks crossed the rise, the Tiger tanks struck. In the ensuing battle the Germans lost several Tiger tanks. However, the Germans retained control of the strong defensive position.
To relieve pressure on the center task force, Allen ordered the right task force to create a demonstration northeast of the saddle. Moving quickly, the right task force encountered few demolitions or mines and only slight enemy resistance until its light tank company moved into the open. Leading with light tanks, the right task force drove into an ambush by ten German tanks (four Mark IVs and six Tigers) supported by infantry along a small road five kilometers east of the center task force.
The right task force's light tanks were no match for the German tanks. The Germans destroyed the tank destroyer platoon and twelve light tanks. The remaining light tank platoon hastily withdrew to a blocking position three kilometers to the rear set up by an infantry company from the task force. The demonstration did not effect the main German defensive position guarding the saddle that faced the center task.
The center task force continued to fight a savage battle with the German defenders. Due to the strength of the fortified German position in the saddle, BG Allen ruled out a frontal assault. His left flank task force was unable to provide help due to the
compartmentalized terrain in the west. Aerial photographs showed a faint trail to the left of the center task force. The trail did not look like a route suitable for tanks so Allen sent a reconnaissance platoon reinforced by a tank destroyer platoon over the trail. Amazingly, the Germans left the trail unguarded, apparently relying on 'impassable terrain' for flank protection. Under cover of darkness, Allen reinforced his reconnaissance element with an infantry company and medium tank company.
By the morning of 24 June the reinforced flanking force reached high ground overlooking the saddle. Concentrated direct fire, plus well placed artillery fire from Combat Command B's two artillery battalions destroyed three more Tiger tanks. Vehicle losses and the threat against the German line of retreat forced the Germans to withdraw. Combat Command B main body (center) then moved to within sight of the town of Massa Marittima. Jomini's principle of securing the heights before moving through a valley became evident to BG Allen. Based on the losses incurred during the battle the previous day, BG Allen decided that a thorough dismounted reconnaissance would precede all future movement over mountainous terrain.
Combat Command B continued to attack north towards Massa Marittima. The right task force met heavy enemy resistance at Perolla, about five kilometers southeast of Massa Marittima. After a careful reconnaissance, the right task force scouts found a bypass for the medium tank platoon and remaining light tank platoon to use to go around the town. The right task force conducted a coordinated attack with its tanks moving east and the infantry circling west. This forced the German defenders to withdraw.
Simultaneous with the right task force's fight, the left and center task forces were fighting to seize Massa Marittima. The left task force approached on the main road to Massa Marittima. Due to the terrain, Allen split the center task force into two smaller forces. He sent one of the smaller forces over an unimproved, narrow road. While the other force, setting off across gullies and streams, made its trail as it went. Combat Command B received attachment of C Troop, 91st Reconnaissance Squadron earlier in the day. BG Allen sent C Troop around to the west of the left task force to threaten the rear of Massa Marittima.
The combined pressure of the reconnaissance troop, the left task force, the two center columns, and the right task force movement after the fight in Perolla forced a German withdrawal from Massa Marittima. Allen used Clausewitz's broad front principle against the concentrated German defense position. The appearance of five columns to their front, flanks and threatening their rear was just too much for the German defenders. The Germans did not have enough forces to conduct an adequate defense of all five approaches. After moving through Massa Marittima on 24 June, reconnaissance elements discovered that the left task forces' zone had no more roads or passable trails for nearly sixteen kilometers.
Enemy forces also occupied the hills in the left task force zone and could easily interdict the main body in the center. Before moving north, Combat Command B had to deal with the serious threat on its left flank.-*" Allen fully understood Jomini's principle of not risking a force in the valley without securing the heights. BG Allen decided to dismount his center task forces' armored infantry battalion and send them northwest of Massa Marittima. The main body in the center, with its road-bound tanks, slowly moved forward as the dismounted infantry secured the heights in the western zone.
Forced to leave their vehicles behind, the dismounted infantry battalion began to experience supply problems. Luck and the ability to move fast and aggressively enabled the dismounted infantry battalion to surprise a German battery of horse drawn artillery. The infantrymen captured forty-five personnel, the guns and several horses. The resourceful infantrymen used the captured horses to solve their supply transport problem until they reached Monterotondo, thirteen kilometers north of Massa Marittima. The infantry reached Monterotondo on the night of 27 June.
Continuing to attack north throughout the night, the infantry battalion completely exhausted itself upon reaching the outskirts of Sasso. The canalized approaches to Sasso strengthened the concentrated German defensive position around the town. The infantry battalion commander sent word to BG Allen that he could seize Sasso, but could not hold the town without tank support.
Allen sent a company of medium tanks. Since no lateral roads or even trails existed, the company of tanks picked its way over 'impassable' mountainous terrain and reached Sasso intact and on time.
Following the successful assault on Sasso, Combat Command B advanced downhill against the German Cecina River defenses. The Combat Command B tanks slowly moved in the center, alternating between mule trails and no roads to get to the river. Once the tanks arrived, the attack moved rapidly and on 30 June Combat Command B seized Castelnuovo and then established a bridgehead on the north bank of the Cecina River.
Combat Command B's attack illustrates both the merits and drawbacks of Clausewitz's theory of attacking along several routes in mountains. An advantage to moving along several routes is the enemy's inability to defend every avenue of approach with strength. Combat Command B's use of five different routes to overwhelm the German defenders at Massa Marittima illustrates this. A disadvantage to using several routes in compartmentalized terrain is the possible lack of mutual support between units. Allen's left task forces' inability to support the center task force during the fight against the German tanks defending the saddle (23-24 June 1944) is a good example of this. The withdrawal of the German tanks defending the saddle, due to the threat against the German rear, illustrates Clausewitz's theory of always orienting on a defender's line of retreat. Allen's decision to secure the hills in the left task force zone before moving the center task force is a clear example of Jomini's belief in securing the heights before moving through valleys.

Zeige Themen 1 bis 40 von 142 Treffern Seiten (4): [1] 2 3 nächste » ... letzte »

Powered by Burning Board Lite 1.0.2 © 2001-2004 WoltLab GmbH